Lower Saxony

coat of arms Lower Saxony

Strong enterprises, innovative minds and excellent research institutes have turned the state into an excellent location for business and research alike. Lower Saxony is Germany’s second largest state and boasts beautiful landscapes between the Ems and Elbe rivers, the Harz skiing slopes, North Sea seaside towns, offering plenty of fun and relaxing leisure activities, as well as an excellent quality of life.



The three largest cities

Hanover (523,642 inhabitants)
Braunschweig (248,502 inhabitants)
Oldenburg (160,907 inhabitants)


47,614.82 km²


7,926,599 inhabitants

Average age

44.4 years

Birth rate

1.53 children per woman

Number of foreign nationals

568,009 people

The five largest countries of origin are:

  • Turkey
  • Poland 
  • Syria
  • The Netherlands
  • Romania
  • Italy

Important industries

  • Automotive engineering
  • Agriculture and food industry
  • Power industry, including solar and wind power
  • Healthcare, including life sciences and medicine
  • Maritime industry
  • Electric vehicles
  • Aerospace engineering
  • Information technology

Regional characteristics

  • Combines dynamic economic development with a high quality of life
  • Cultural highlights and beautiful landscapes and cities mean that people enjoy life and feel at home in the state of Lower Saxony
  • Manifold leisure activities – from spending time by the sea to skiing in the Harz mountains
Information on the state Lower Saxony Portal
Comprehensive information about Lower Saxony (German, English, Chinese, French, Japanese, Dutch, Polish, Russian, Spanish)

Information for immigrants


Migration und Teilhabe – Niedersachsen
Information for immigrants (German)

Recognition authorities and advisory centres
Points of initial contact for having your foreign professional qualifications recognised (German)

Bienvenido! Welcome to Lower Saxony
Programme aimed at attracting professionals from Spain and Portugal, established by the Association of the Metal and Electronics Industries in Lower Saxony (German)

Adelante! Training and job perspectives for young people from Spain
Programme for young people from Spain who would like to receive vocational training in Germany (German, Spanish information brochure)

Ems-Achse Jobmotor Nordwest
Point of contact for international professionals (German, English, Spanish)

Welcome Center

Welcome to Niedersachsen
The counseling centers for migrants answer all questions about living and working in Germany

Welcome Center
Information for immigrants (German, English)

Welcome Center Oldenburg
Information for immigrants and companies (German, English)