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Overview of Germany

Facts and Figures

Population: 80.7 million, including 6.9 million foreign nationals

Surface area: 357,112 km²

Form of government: parliamentary democracy

Founded: 1949, followed by German reunification with accession of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on 3 October 1990

Head of state: President Joachim Gauck (as of March 2012)

Head of government: Chancellor Angela Merkel (as of November 2005)

Capital: Berlin

The five largest cities: Berlin (3.4m inhabitants), Hamburg (1.7m inhabitants), Munich (1.4m inhabitants), Cologne (1m inhabitants), Frankfurt am Main (680,000 inhabitants)

Official language: German

National holiday: 3 October (Day of German Unity)

Membership: European Union, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, OSCE, UN


Religions: Roman Catholic (30 percent), Evangelical Church in Germany (29 percent), Muslim (almost 5 percent), other (almost 3 percent), without confession (33 percent)

Time zone: CET

Climate: moderately cool Westerlies climate, between the oceanic climate of the Atlantic and the continental climate of eastern Europe

Economic output GDP (per capita): €32,276

Labour force: 42 million


Average annual gross income per full-time employee: €42,605

International vehicle code: D

Internet TLD: .de

Telephone country code: +49

Currency: euro (€1 = 100 cents)

Information on the World Wide Web

Federal Statistical Office
Here you can find more interesting data about Germany (English, German)

The European Union
More information and data on the European Union (German, English, French, Spanish and other languages)

Federal Foreign Office
Welcome to Germany - The place for your ideas (German, English)