Mechanical and plant engineering
Mechanical and plant engineering is one of the most important industries in the German economy. More than 6,000 companies employ around 964,000 workers – more than in any other industrial sector. In terms of revenue, mechanical and plant engineering is the second largest industrial sector in Germany. In 2011, the industry generated revenues of more than €200 billion.
In 2011, the German mechanical and plant engineering sectors achieved volumes of more than €142 billion. This meant that German mechanical and plant engineering accounted for 16.7 of machinery traded worldwide, making it the world’s leader in the field, followed by Japan (11.9 percent), the US (11.5 percent) and China (10.3 percent).
Developing future technologies
The mechanical and plant engineering sector is the largest employer for engineers, employing 167,500 engineers in 2010. In addition, mechanical and plant engineering is one of the most innovative industries in Germany, setting standards in developing and applying future technologies. According to estimates by the Cologne Institute for Economic Research (IW), the sector invested €11.8 billion in innovation in 2010, and 66 percent of mechanical engineering companies introduced innovations to the market. Most of the mechanical engineering applications filed at the European Patent Office come from Germany (13 percent between 1999 and 2006). The industry’s innovative strength is also evident when looking at its research and development activities. In 2011, the industry spent more than €5 billion in this area.
Information on this portal
Information on the World Wide Web
Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology
Industry focus on mechanical and plant engineering
Germany Trade & Invest
Information on the German mechanical and plant engineering industry, including information about the industry’s workforce (German, English, Russian, Chinese)
Orgalime – The European Engineering Industries Association
Information about the metal working, electronics and mechanical industries (English)
VDMA – Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e.V.
Association providing information about the German mechanical and plant engineering industry (German, English, Chinese, Japanese, Russian)
German Machine Tool Builders’ Association (VDW)
Information on German machine tools and the corresponding industrial sector