Skilled labour shortages in German companies – Which occupations are in demand?
In Germany there is currently no nationwide shortage of skilled, however, it is already affecting certain occupations. The most severely hit are occupations in the sciences and engineering, and in health care. In which occupations current occupational difficulties occur, also strongly depends on the qualification level. A distinction is made between three groups: Skilled professionals are persons with completed, at least two-year vocational training or a comparable qualification; Specialists are workers with a master craftsman's or technician's training, a university of applied sciences/ university degree or a comparable qualification; Experts are persons who have at least a four-year university education or equivalent qualification.
The current skills shortage in specific occupational groups or regions cannot be met fully by the available supply of labour. For instance, there is a lack of skilled workers in nursing care for the elderly, specialist in nursing care for the sick and experts in IT occupations such as software development and programming.
(Vocational) training: many vacancies are unoccupied
Its automotive sector apart, Germany is known the world over for its dual education system in industry and vocational schools. Since the economy is growing and companies need more qualified professionals, the chances of getting a training in Germany are also growing, because thousands of intern vacancies remain unoccupied – 57,656 in 2018. In Germany, small and medium-sized businesses especially are facing great difficulties in finding suitable trainees and widen their radius. Because even people who are not from the EU may, under certain circumstances, undertake a vocational training course in Germany. In any case, the vocational training market in Germany is open to EU nationals. Regardless of your country of origin, (vocational) training in Germany gives you a good chance of entering the German labour market.