Overview of Germany

Facts and Figures

Population: 82.5 million, including 18.6 million with migration backround

Surface area: 357,340 km²

Form of government: parliamentary democracy

Founded: 1949, followed by German reunification with accession of the German Democratic Republic (GDR) on 3 October 1990

Head of state: Frank-Walter Steinmeier (as of January 2017)

Head of government: Chancellor Angela Merkel (as of November 2005)

Capital: Berlin

The five largest cities: Berlin (3.5m inhabitants), Hamburg (1.7m inhabitants), Munich (1.4m inhabitants), Cologne (1m inhabitants), Frankfurt am Main (732,688 inhabitants)

Official language: German

National holiday: 3 October (Day of German Unity)

Membership: European Union, G8, G20, NATO, OECD, OSCE, UN

Religions: Roman Catholic (28.5 percent), Evangelical Church in Germany (26.5 percent), Muslim (almost 5 percent), other (almost 4 percent), without confession (36.2 percent)

Time zone: CET

Climate: moderately cool Westerlies climate, between the oceanic climate of the Atlantic and the continental climate of eastern Europe

Economic output GDP (per capita): $41,936.06

Labour force: 44.3 million

Average annual gross income per full-time employee: €33,396

International vehicle code: D

Internet TLD: .de

Telephone country code: +49

Currency: euro (€1 = 100 cents)

Information on the World Wide Web

Federal Foreign Office

Welcome to Germany -- The place for your ideas (German, English)

Federal Statistical Office

Facts and Figures about Germany (English, German)