Low unemployment rates in Germany
In 2019, Germany had an unemployment rate of 3.1 per cent. The country therefore has one of the lowest unemployment rates in the world. While elsewhere in Europe youth unemployment has risen significantly in the past few years, Germany's dual education system has paid off. In 2019, only 5.8 per cent of 15- to 24-year-olds were registered as "unemployed".
Gross is not the same as net
When signing a work contract for employment subject to social security contributions in Germany, your contract states your gross salary. But gross is not the same as net. It means that you will receive less than what is stated in your work contract.
For instance, in 2020 the average gross salary across all salary levels ranged between € 4,745.00 and € 3,942.00 per month. In the case of employees in jobs subject to social security contributions, employers automatically deduct income tax and the statutory social security contributions. The advantage is that your social security contributions cover any financial burdens in case of losing your job, falling ill, or in need of care (in old age). The employers themselves cover some costs as well. The amounts deducted may vary depending on your income, federal state, tax bracket, health insurance fund and family status. The solidarity surcharge (Solidaritätszuschlag) was abolished for almost everyone in January 2021. In 2020, an unmarried person in tax bracket I in the western German states received an average net salary of around € 2,456.00 up to € 2,848.00.
Short working hours, plentiful vacation and public holidays
In an international comparison of economies, German occupies the first place in many disciplines. You might think that Germans have achieved their ranking thanks to their proverbial hard work, long working hours, scant vacation and fewer public holidays than other countries. Yet the statistics prove the contrary. As for working hours, with 1,651 collectively agreed hours per full-time employee, Germany posted the third-lowest value in the EU-28 zone. Only France and Denmark had shorter annual collectively agreed working hours. Vacation and public holidays also vary widely within the EU: in 2014, German employees had 41 days of vacation and public holidays, whereas the EU average was 35.7.
This is the cost of living in Germany
Albert Einstein once said: “The best things in life are not the ones that one can buy with money.” That may well be true. In 2019 however, the Germans spent an average € 2,574.00 per household every month on all additional expenses. Most of their money was spent on accommodation, energy and housing maintenance (€ 890,00). This was followed by food, beverages and tobacco (€ 356,00). But recreation and culture were not neglected: every month, Germans spend € 284,00 on activities such as sports and cinema outings.
Federal Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs
Federal Ministry of the Interior, Building and Community