Skilled workers from third countries must generally apply for a visa at the German embassy in their country of origin before entering Germany. The presentation of a signed employment contract is an important requirement.
Qualified skilled workers from third countries need a visa to work in Germany. Find out here what the requirements are for a work visa.
A non-EU applicant may (conditionally) sign the employment contract before obtaining a valid visa. You can state in the contract that it will only take effect once a valid visa has been issued.
The following types of work visa exist, depending on the applicant’s level of qualification:
- Visa for skilled workers holding a university degree (Section 18b of the Residence Act [AufenthG])
- EU Blue Card (Section 18g of the Residence Act [AufenthG])
- Visa for skilled workers with vocational training qualifications (Section 18a of the Residence Act [AufenthG])
- Visa for employment in the case of practical professional knowledge (Section 19c para. 2 of the Residence Act [AufenthG] in conjunction with Section 6 of the Ordinance on the Employment of Foreigners [BeschV])
There are also special regulations for certain groups of professionals, such as healthcare assistants and professional drivers, and for nationals of Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia (Western Balkans Regulation).
In the “Visa” section of the Make it in Germany portal for skilled workers, you can find out what the requirements are for each type of visa and how the visa process works.
Taking up employment after entering Germany
Once a foreign skilled worker has arrived in Germany, they can take up the intended job with the visa issued for the purpose of taking up employment. During the validity of the entry visa, they must apply for a residence permit from the local Foreigners’ Authority in good time before the visa expires.
Entry visas are usually issued for a specific purpose. When your potential employee applies for a visa, they must state the correct purpose of their stay so that they can start work as soon as they are in Germany. Entering the country with a short-stay (Schengen) visa, e.g. for tourist purposes, does not entitle the holder to take up employment in Germany.
If your potential skilled worker is in possession of a visa or residence permit for the purpose of seeking employment, they are entitled to perform trial work for up to ten hours per week. This will enable you to get to know the candidate better and assess their skills profile during a trial day at work. If you then decide to employ the skilled worker, they will first need to apply for a residence permit for taking up employment from the local Foreigners’ Authority in Germany.
- Federal Employment Agency (BA) Information on admission to the labour market (available in German)
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