What is parental leave?
Are you interested in spending as much time as possible with your family after the birth of your child? Do you want to take leave from your job or reduce your working hours? In Germany, this is not a problem. After a child is born, mothers and fathers are entitled to take time off from work, known as parental leave (Elternzeit). This allows you to devote yourself entirely to your family. During this period, an employer is not permitted to terminate your employment except in certain special cases (for example, if the company becomes insolvent or closes, or if you neglect your obligations). After returning from parental leave, mothers and fathers are entitled to the same working hours as before, as specified in their employment contracts. If you are interested in applying for parental leave, the local parental benefit office (Elterngeldstelle) will help you. The address can be found on the German-language website familienportal.de
Who is entitled to parental leave?
In Germany, any employed mother or father can apply for parental leave; i.e. the applicant must be an employee and have a German employment contract. This includes employees with temporary contracts, part-time contracts and marginal employment, and to trainees working in companies. After a trainee returns to work, training continues as before. However, before taking parental leave, trainees should find out from the chamber of commerce or educational authority responsible what rules apply to their subsequent return to work.
Workers are entitled to parental leave until their child reaches the age of three. School and university students, interns, the self-employed and the unemployed are not entitled to parental leave.
If both parents are employed, they may take parental leave either consecutively or simultaneously. It is important to note, however, that parental leave is available only to employed mothers and fathers who live in the same household as the child and are the main carers.
How long does parental leave last?
You can determine the length of your parental leave yourself. In most cases, it begins with the birth of the child (in the case of the father) or following maternity leave (in the case of the mother). In any event, you are entitled to parental leave until your child reaches the age of three. You may also have the option of saving up to 12 months of parental leave to be used before your child’s eighth birthday. However, this requires the consent of your employer; you have no legal right to do so.
With your employer’s consent, you are allowed to work up to 30 hours per week while on parental leave. Under certain conditions you may even have a legal right to do so.
How and where should I apply for parental leave?
A written application for parental leave must be submitted to your employer seven weeks before you plan to begin your leave, specifying the periods within the first two years after the child’s birth during which you intend to take it. After this initial two-year period, you may submit another written application to your employer requesting the remaining leave to which you are entitled. The deadline for this second application is seven weeks before the end of the two-year period. Your employer is required to issue a written confirmation of the length of your parental leave.
Federal Ministry for Family Affairs, Senior Citizens, Women and Youth (BMFSFJ)
Federal Employment Agency (BA)